The most important skill you need to learn in this digital era is to invest your time into learning the best programming language to learn in 2020.
As we all know today computer has entered into everything be it the autopilot in car, airplane or digital speedometer in your motorcycle. Computers are extremely useful as the days of paper and pen are now gone, people are accessing everything from computers.
The demand for a programming language is emerging faster than ever. Lots of programming languages are coming though not all are able to gain enough amount of attraction to come up as the best programming language.
However, a question comes in beginners (coders). which programming language they should invest to learn, that in demand, better for future, stable and pay them off as well though there are over 700 programming languages as of 2020.
So, let us take a look at the best programming language to learn in 2020 as well as for beginners
The most widely accepted programming language was created in 1991 by Guido van Rossum.
Python is a fast and easy-to-use programming language and the most popular language in between programmers and also it has a large community.YouTube, Instagram, Pinterest, and Netflix are all built-in python.
It’s a popular language for machines and deep learning. Python has also been used to develop popular video games like Civilization IV, Vegas Trike, Battlefield 2, and many more.
Moreover, Python has surpassed the programming language JAVA and now the second most popular programming language according to GitHub repositories contributions:
Framework for Python:
Difficulty level: Python has focused on developer experience and tried to low the barrier so that kids can also learn the post-production of Python.
- supports multiple systems and platforms.
- Flexible and very easy programming language to learn.
- Focuses on code readability
- Great ability to scale even the most complicated applications.
- Threading isn’t so good because of GIL (Global Interpreter Lock)
- Not great for mobile computing but an expert for web and Desktop.
Salary and Job market: according to indeed Python s the most demanding programming lanaguge in TheUS with over 74k posting in January 2020 and salary of 120k.
Skills required: Problem-solving, abstract thinking
Popularity: when Python was released nobody thought it would be this popular and it will become the first choice for programmers no matter beginners or experts.
The programming language ranking site PYPL has ranked Python as the considerably growing language with no slow down.
Java is also the most in-demand programming language. It was created in the year 1996 James Gosling primarily designed Java at Sun Microsystems but now owned by Oracle Corporation on January 27, 2010.
The best general-purpose programming language with its object-oriented structure that has become a standard for applications that can be used in any platform.
Such as- Mac, Window, Android, iOS, etc. because of its Write Once, Run Anywhere (WORA) capabilities that have made JAVA recognized for its portability across different platforms with over 3 billion devices built with JAVA.
If you’re looking for a development based job at a large organization, JAVA is going to pay off your time and as it is widely used programming language in Android App Development. Moreover, every business today needs a business owing to the fact there are more than 2.5 billion android users.
Java is also used in the backend of several popular websites, including Google, Amazon, Twitter, and YouTube. Moreover, there is no wonder, nearly 90 percent of Fortune 500 firms rely on Java for desktop applications backend development projects.
Best frameworks for JAVA:
- JAVA server faces(JSF).
Difficulty level: Easy to learn but requires new vocabularies.
- Supports multiple treadings
- JAVAis a powerful programming language with rich features. Moderate learning curve and high developer productivity.
- The most preferred choice in the backend, which is a crucial requirement for business applications.
- Though JAVA has a lot of new vocabulary that makes it quite hard to learn for the beginners.
- A bit slower than the programming languages, like C and C++
Salary and Job market: According to Indeed JAVA is the second most in-demand programming language in the USA with 69K Job posting in January 2020 moreover, Java developers earn the 6th highest annual salary ($104 K):
Skills required: Need problem-solving and knowledge of the object-oriented structure
Popularity: Only after the release of JAVA. It became the most popular language and ranked third and this programmin language has remained in the top 3 charts.
According to the GitHub repository contribution, Java slipped to the nomber 3rd spot in the year 2014-2018.
TIOBE: Showing the popularity of JAVA
According to TIOBE ranking JAVA has waned a little the recent year however, it is still the most preferred programming language because of its write-once and Runanywhere capability.
The programming language PHP was created in 1994 by a single developer Rasmus Lerdorf. It has the same history as PYTHON, It was a side project of Rasmus Lerdorf.
PHP is written in C to create a Dynamic Web Application. Later more functionalities were added in PHP and it evolved as a fully-fledged programming language.
At present time PHP is mainly used to develop server-side Web applications but with the rise of JAVa script-based client-side Web application development. PHP is losing its popularity and demand though PHP won’t die soon.
Best framework for PHP:
- Laravel is a relatively new framework, released in 2011 and It’s the most popular framework in between developers.
Difficulty level: Fairly easy to learn programming language.
- PHP is a highly productive Server-Side Web development programming language because of this thing PHP is widely used to develop a web application at a rapid pace. moreover, Facebook was also developed in PHP.
- It is in use for over the last 35 years in Web development. there are so many stable frameworks for PHP too.
- Many giant companies are using PHP, for example, Facebook, WordPress, Wikipedia, Yahoo, Flickr, and Tumblr. Moreover, there are 10 out of 8 websites that you visit is somehow using PHP, Which means 78.9%
PHP is a quite slower to use programming laguage than others.
Poor handling and security.
Salary and Job market: Indeed ranked PHP asthe seventh most demanding language in the USA with around 18K posting Iin just January 2020 with a salary of $90k.
Skills required: Knowledge of Ajax, jQuery, and MySQL.
Popularity: Octoverse has ranked PHP as the 4th most popular programming language to learn.
The long term history of PHP itself shows that PHP is losing its charm. TIOBE has ranked PHP 8th most in-demand programming language to learn in 2020.
The programing language SWIFT first appeared in 2014 but the stable release was on January 31st, 2020. The programming language SWIFT is mainly created to replace Objective-C in the Mac and iOS platforms.
By a group of Apple engineers led by Chris Lattner and Doug Gregor. It offers high productivity for developers, multi-paradigm, general-purpose, compiled programming.
It has got excellent popularity and a growing programming language in iOS devices as a powerful language. swift supports LLVM (developed by Chris Lattner) compiler toolchain like C/C++, Rust.
Best frameworks for Swift in 2020:
- Cocoa touch
Difficulty: Swift is easy programming because of being a modern language. it has an OOP principle already in your toolbox but it is easy even without that.
- The main USP of this programming language is its design, clear syntax, simpler, and concise.
- It is a modern programming language that is making a place for itself.
- Swift is blazing as fast as C++.
- A little unstable because of a new arrival.
- Limited community.
Salary and Job market: Indeed ranked, SWIFT in the 9th most in-demand programming languages with an opening of 6 K and the 2nd place with a salary of 125K.
Popularity: Swift is spreading after its stable release and still going great. TIOBE index SWIFT in the top ten list of programming languages to learn.
GOOGLE trends are also showing an increasing sharp in the popularity of SWIFT.
Ruby is also an another scripting language which is used for web development and it has a very helpful community which it an easier and an easy to handle programming language which is why Ruby is admired by a large number of beginners.
In addition to it Ruby is a helpful programming language and quite known to its association like Twitter, Airbnb, Bloomberg, Shopify, and many more startups which started at some piont with the help of Ruby because of its easy to use and being a friendly programming language.
if you look onto the Google Trends for the searches of Ruby for the last 5 years. It seems like Ruby is doing well and maintaining its popularity in between the top Programming languages.
C# is a similar programming language like C++ for general purpose works. It is built on the foundations of C, and it is considers the best Programming learner to learn for Windows application becuase it was developed by Microsoft as for its .NET frameworks.
Though C# is not the only the best Programming language for deevloping Windows appliactions but it is well known in the community of VR. C# is reccomended for developing 2D and 3D games for VR with using the UNITY game Engine. which has some of the most well known games and captures the one-third gaming market.
Go is a compiled programming language designed at Google by Robert Grieseme and it is the most favored programming language by Google. the reason being developed by Google but GO is also faster to compile then other programming language as C++.
Uber also uses GO for thier Geofence service which defines the area with special requirements. Go is also an easy to learn and understand programming language which is why it is easy-to-read programing language, to handle multiple programs simultaneously which makes it a good choice for beginners to learn GO Programming Language.
Summary: On the best programming languages to learn in 2020
I hope you would have got your answer for the best programming languages to learn for future jobs. If you have any queries comment down below and if it was helpful please let us know your thoughts and which programming language you’re going to choose in 2020.
We’ll constantly update our list to make it up-to-date all the time and If we missed something please let us know and we’ll surely work to add that in the above list.
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